Being a tribal dotted region, Chhattisgarh has a multihued tribal culture reflecting vibrant colors of tribal life. “Tribal” word is basically used in India for the inhabitants who are known as indigenous in other countries. In Hindi language, the word “Tribal” means ‘Adivasi’ (ancient inhabitants) and these people are classified as “aboriginals” as per National census and are listed according to the tribes. India is home to several tribes and Chhattisgarh houses many of them as this land had been occupied by many tribes and been a tribal dotted land in ancient times too. In fact, Chhattisgarh is home to the oldest tribal communities of the India. It is also assumed that the earliest tribal communities of the region have been living for over 10,000 years in Bastar region of the state. Basically, tribal people do not belong to Hindu religion but they have imbibed various features of Hindu culture.
The main tribes residing in Chhattisgarh include Gond, Abujmaria , Bisonhorn Maria, Bhatra, Muria, Halba, Parja and Dhurvaa tribes (in Bastar), Muriya, Dandami Mariya or Gond, Dorla and Halba tribes (in Dantewara), Korwa, Kawar, Gond, Bhaiyana, Rajgond, Binjwar and Dhanwar tribes (in Korba), Kol, Gond and Bhunjia tribes (in Koriya), Parghi, Savra, Manji and Bhayna tribes (in Bilaspur and Raipur), Kamar tribe (in Gariabandh, Mainpur, Dhura and Dhamtari) and Munda tribe (in Surguja and Jashpur). Every tribe has a Sarpanch, who is the chief of that tribal community and main advisor as well as mediator in disputes of the people of that specific tribe. Sarpanch is assisted by a team of 5 advisors, each known as Panch. The Sarpanch and 5 Panchs are highly respected by other members of the community. Every tribal community has its own rich past and culture of traditional dance, music, food and dress. But all these tribes have one thing in common and that is way of living – simple and nature loving.